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IELTS Exam Pattern and Types
IELTS Exam Pattern is not a tough one to crack if you prepare in a planned and systematic way. By making an effective IELTS preparation plan and following it religiously, you are sure to score high and save yourself from the unwanted financial and mental stress of re-appearing for the same exam multiple times.
Once you decide which of the two IELTS exams you wish to appear for, the next big thing is to make an action plan for your IELTS Exam preparation.
There are two IELTS Exam Pattern –
- IELTS Academic or
- IELTS General Training
In this article, we will discuss the IELTS examination in detail and try to answer the most common queries of candidates preparing for IELTS.
You must be wondering how you can make for all different modules, what you should do to score high to be able to migrate to an international destination for work or study, and what are the critical components of IELTS Exam Pattern.
We are going to share every minute detail for you to pass the IELTS test with flying colors in your very first attempt itself. Read till the end for our exclusive tips and tricks.
IELTS Exam Pattern:
As you already know by now, the IELTS Exam Pattern Contains four primary sections. Each Section have equal weight. Your need to prepare for all section to excel in examination.
- Listening Section.
- Reading Section.
- Writing Section.
- Speaking Section
IELTS Exam Tips Section Wise:
We are sharing some useful yet straightforward IELTS Preparation tips for each section below :
- The listening section assesses the candidates for their capabilities of understanding different accents and styles of spoken English like British, North American and Australian English in both formal and informal context of usage.
- In this section, there are four parts with ten questions each, and they are to be completed in 30 minutes. The items can be heard just once, and the candidate is required to write the answers on their answer sheets.
- The first two parts are about the listening skills required for survival in an English-speaking nation in situations and places such as accommodation, shopping malls, restaurant, café, etc .
- The remaining two parts of the listening section have an academic context and focus on education and training as might be needed by test takers for their higher education or professional training in an English-speaking nation.
- The questions include multiple choice questions, matching, classification, short question answer, sentence or summary completion, labeling a map or plan, table or flowchart completion, etc.
Following are some quick tips to prepare you for the listening section:
- Read the questions before the speaker begins to speak.
- You may also underline the keywords in the questions. This way you will know the problems and can look for their answers during the speech itself.
- As there is no negative marking, you must attempt all questions.
- Check the spellings and grammar in your replies before submitting your answer sheet.
- Keep track of the time as you must finish all answers in 30 minutes
- This section has a 60-minute time-frame for 40 questions that the test taker has to read and write answers for in their respective answer sheets. Different sets of question papers are given to IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training applicants.
- Each of the three parts of the reading sections contains a “reading passage” which may be taken from a magazine, book, newspaper or journal.
- The IELTS Academic questions are generally long texts of academic nature whereas the IELTS General Training questions are a mixture of small and long passages with general context and some are related to work situations as well.
- The words used in the questions are generally synonyms or antonyms of words used in the passage to assess the understanding of the test taker.
- The questions examine the test taker for his/her capability of understanding the critical arguments of the passage, identifying the writer’s purpose, finding out specific information and distinguishing the main details from supporting ones.
Following are a few tips to help you crack the reading section of IELTS Academic or IELTS General Training:
- Use reading strategies of skimming and scanning to help you find answers quickly.
- Ensure to have a look at the visuals and subtitles to get an idea of the context of the passage before even starting to read the passage.
- If you do not know the meaning of a few words in the passage, try to guess the meaning from the sentence.
- Manage your time well, if a question is trickier than the others, don’t waste too much time on it, attempt the others and come back to the ones that are left at the end.
- The writing section lasts for 60 minutes, and the test taker is asked to write two reasonably different write-ups of 150 and 250 words each. This section is separate for IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training.
- In the IELTS Academic writing section, for the first part, the applicants are given some information in the form of diagrams like pie charts, bar graphs, etc. They must prepare a descriptive report based on the information provided in the pictures.
- In the second part, the candidates must write their opinions on a given problem statement or an issue. This is used to assess the candidates for their capabilities of producing clear and logical reasoning on the given topic.
- For the IELTS General Training section, the topics for the two parts are of general interest like current affairs, shops, services, products, travel, accommodation, health and wealth, safety, etc.
- The first part is always a letter which may be formal or semi-formal depending upon the context. While writing the message, the candidates must include the information mentioned in the bullet points of the question.
- The second part of the IELTS General Training section is an essay write-up. The test takers are given a statement which represents a particular view, issue or argument.
- They are required to discuss that topic and present possible solutions, suggest new ideas or just their opinions.
Following are the best tricks to score high in the writing section of the IELTS exam:
- The writing section is not a test to examine your knowledge but an assessment of your thoughts and ideas. Be sure to give evidence to support your views.
- Always ensure you write the minimum words required for each part, i.e. 150 and 250 words for part 1 and two respectively. Do not repeat the same ideas to complete the word limit.
- Ensure not to go off-topic. It would be best if you wrote around the topic in question only. Always write complete sentences and do not write in bullet points or use the short form of words.
- You may roughly divide the available time between the two parts, mark 20 minutes for part 1 and the remaining 40 minutes for part 2. This way you can manage your time and complete both parts of the writing section.
The final part of the IELTS examination lasts for 11-14 minutes and takes place in the form of three face to face interviews or conversations with the examiner.
In the first part, the examiner asks some general questions like the applicant’s introduction, details about the residing country, hometown, spouse, children, family, hobbies and few other personal things like future goals, aspirations, etc.
In the second part, the test taker is asked to speak about a person, place, object or event. He/she is given a minute to think and prepare the speech. Then after a minute or two of speaking, the examiner asks some questions to mark the end of this part.
The third part is a two-way discussion between the test taker and the speaker on a less personal level. It revolves around the topic mentioned on a card which may be about a person, place, object or event.
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Following are some easy tips for you to prepare for the verbal section:
- Practice speaking on a variety of different topics for 1-2 minutes as it will help you gain confidence before your speaking section examination.
- Try to relax and be a formal yet friendly with the examiner. Speak loudly and clearly, try to answer in sentences and not just words. Avoid using slang language and abbreviations.
- Practice making mind maps so that you can reproduce your thoughts while speaking to the examiner.
- Do not ever ask the examiner about your performance at the end of the speaking section. This is probably to make him upset and create an awkward situation for you.
IELTS Marking Scheme:
In the IELTS exam, there is no concept of fail or pass. Everyone candidate is allotted a score on a nine-band scale (0 to 9). Hence, there is no minimum mark requirement for any candidate, each organization that considers an IELTS score as valid, has its own minimum IELTS score requirement for eligibility of study or work.
A candidate is allotted a score for each of the four sections – listening, reading, writing and speaking. The overall score for the candidate is calculated by taking an average of the scores of all four divisions and then rounding off the total to the nearest half.
If the candidate’s average score of four sections comes to 5.25, it is rounded off to 5.5, whereas if it comes to 5.75, it is rounded off to 6.
The nine-band scale is used to identify the English language proficiency of the test taker. The band scale ranges from 0 to 9, 0 is allotted to a candidate who did not attempt the test, and nine is allocated to an expert user.
Each of the nine bands is described here :
• 9 – Expert User
• 8 – Very Good User
• 7 – Good User
• 6 – Competent User
• 5 – Modest User
• 4 – Limited User
• 3 – Extremely Limited User
• 2 – Intermittent User
• 1 – Non User
• 0 – Did not attempt the test
IELTS Report and Result:
The IELTS test report form is made available to test takers in 13 days from their test date.
The report shows:
• The test takers’ picture, nationality, date of birth and first language
• Whether the IELTS exam was complete or not
• Overall Band Score (1 to 9)
• Band Score for each section (1 to 9)
Each applicant receives one copy of the report form. The candidates applying to the Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) or UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) receive two copies of the report form.
A candidate’s test report form is valid for a period of two years from the date of issue. Organizations are advised not to accept report forms older than two years.
so, this is the all about the IELTS Exam Pattern. Have you any doubt? You Can Ask in the comment box. You can also comment your dream abroad destination. i will help you out to get the visa for that country.